Selasa, 05 Juni 2012

knowledge management tool

Knowledge management

The management of knowledge of the latest management concepts, which developed the literature that related to it on the quantity and quality .The past years have witnessed a growing interest by the business sector to adopt the concept of knowledge management. What is the meaning of the knowledge of management?
Knowledge management is the processes that help organizations to generate and access to knowledge, choice, organization, use and dissemination, and transfer important information and expertise possessed by the Organization, which is necessary for administrative activities such as making different decisions, solve problems, learning, and strategic planning.
What is knowledge?
Class Polanyi (1966) knowledge of two basic branches:
1. Tacit knowledge (tacit)
2. Virtual knowledge (explicit)
Both the Nonaka and Takeuchi (1995) that the intangible assets as ethics, mental photo for the organization intuition, metaphors, and insights into the most important assets that should take care and attention because it is the added value to the daily operations of the organization.

1.    Tacit knowledge
Related to tacit knowledge skills (Skills) Know-How, which is in fact found at the heart and mind of each individual and which are not easily moved or transferred to others.
 These may be technical or cognitive knowledge.

2.    Virtual knowledge

The information relates to virtual information are stored in the archives of the organization, including (manuals related to Politics and procedures, documents, standards of operation and operating) and mostly that individuals within the organization can access and use and can be shared with all staff through seminars, meetings, books.

Polanyi made a distinction between two types of knowledge when he said "we know more than we can say" "We can know more than we can tell”
In an explicit reference of course to difficult to put the state of knowledge implicit in the words spoken.
Supplement to the issue of knowledge management. Knowledge is the product of multiple items, and most important of which:
1. Information
2. Data
3. Capacities
4. Trends
1. Data
Data set of objective facts that are not  interrelated are highlighted and delivered without the provisions of the initial advance. becomes Data  information when it is categorized, fix it, analyzed and placed in a clear framework and concept of the recipient.

2. Information
Information is in fact data gives credibility and are submitted for the specific purpose. The information is developed and promoted to the position of knowledge when it used to do or For the purpose of comparison and evaluate the results prior and specific, or for the purpose of communication, or participate in a dialogue or discussion. Information is data showing the framework and content of clear and specific and that does not could be used to make a decision. The information can be provided in various forms, including written form, image, or a conversation with another party.

3. Capacities
Knowledge next to the information you need for the capacity to make information from the data obtained to be converted into information you can use and benefit. God has given some individuals the ability to think creatively and the ability to analyze and interpret information and then act based on what is available from the information. If it is not available to the individual’s capabilities and core competencies to deal with the information then we can say that one of the main pillars of knowledge is missing.

4. Trends
Above all this that knowledge has strong relationship with trends. It is in fact the trends that drive people to the desire of thinking, analysis and action. Therefore, trends consider the main element to manage of knowledge and that by stimulating the curiosity of individuals, and find the desire and motivation them for creativity. This sure is lacking many of the organizations???


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